President siad’s speech to the nation on the first anniversary of our glorious revolution at via Lenin on October 21, 1970


President siad’s speech to the nation on the first anniversary of our glorious revolution at via Lenin on October 21, 1970

We celebrate today the first anniversary of our second Revolution, so to speak.

Last July first we celebrated the tenth anniversary of our independence.

Accustomed to insurrection and national revolutions many states, organisations and individuals ask themselves why this second revolution.

What is the substantial difference? Africa has often experienced revolutions of this nature.

Some revolutionary states face enormous difficulties, often posed to discourage them.

I would like to remember one of the last victims among these giants: President Abdel Nesser I ask you to dedicate one minute of respect and prayer to his memory.

For us, it is enough that the people have understood the basic motive of our Revolution.

It is enough for us that the result of this year is evidence, and it is not possible to describe these results in one phrase.

The social projects achieved by your people under the established self-help system are remarkable.

The whole city has changed its face. Our people decided that dilapidated houses, slums and the like have no place among us.

Our people are coming to realise that in order to change a situation, it is not the financial resources that count as much as the determination of men and their ability.


 Education is achieving a success that has been inconceivable until recently despite the limits of the multilingual and unsuitable educational system, our teachers, animated by the Revolutionary spirit, are preparing an adequate programme for the coming year.

It is our intention to revise and overland our schools and the system of bringing up our students and sending them to foreign academies.

This must be brought to an end. We want our students to learn about our own environment, and the resources the country has or lacks. We want hard workers and true innovators.

Even mass literacy is not an end in itself. It has the specific function of enhancing the awareness of the masses of their own condition and their commitment to the responsibilities of social coexistence and the methods of production.

Self-help schemes are now a part of our education, especially in their role of developing the community’s conscience.



Our present budget does not allow health assistance to be as ample as it should be.

The increasing number of hospitals and dispensaries built or are underway, the integrated policy of medicine, The presence of our regional doctors, and the creation of professional schools for nurses would enable us to meet the growing needs of our people.

In security and justice, new criteria and principles have been adopted. From the confusion, incoherence, injustice and never-ending tribal conflicts, we have moved to the restoration of State sovereignty based on the right and duty that guarantees the security of the citizens and the firm application of the laws.

This has had an immediate and remarkable decrease in common delinquency, a decrease in disturbances among the nomadic population, and a greater sense of responsibility in the urban centres.

 Agriculture and livestock

Our agricultural methods of production are not entirely adequate for our programmes.

Only a small proportion of the arable land available is presently under cultivation.

On livestock development, the shortage of water is our main problem, and in the move to solve this hundreds of water were dug under self-help schemes.

Three important projects

The first stage of our general strategy is to carry out fundamental projects.

These are the Fenole Dam in Juba, the salt works of hafun in Mjirtinia, and The Mogadishu-Bossaso-Burao road.

In accordance with our principles and philosophy, these require careful examination to avoid pitfalls and hasty action.




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